In 2013 it was estimated that 337,000 Australians suffer from loss of vision, and by 2030 that number will be as large as 564,000 visually impaired Australians. It’s not the case that all of these eye diseases can be stopped, but there are a lot of things that we could be doing to keep our eyes remaining healthy, and reduce our chances of vision loss in the future.
1. Wearing sunglasses
A major factor for the development of cataracts and retinal damage is direct sunlight, and to avoid this make sure that you wear UV-blocking sunglasses whenever you are going to be in the sun for extended periods of time. This can also protect you from both wrinkles and skin cancer developing around the eye. 100 percent UV protection is a must in your sunglasses to block UV-A rays and UV-B rays.
2. Not smoking
Smoking tobacco and other smoke-related products has been directly linked to damaging health effects, the foremost of which is age-related macular degeneration. There have been studies conduct that have revealed that smokers and ex-smokers are those that are most affected by AMD, and these same smokers also have an increased chance to develop cataracts later in life.
3. Eating healthy foods
We at Hunter Laser Vision already spoke at length about the needs to eat healthy foods in another blog recently, but this is still a vital step in maintaining eye health. Vitamin deficiency can impair retinal function. The belief that eating carrots improves vision has some truth, but a variety of vegetables, especially leafy green ones, should be an important part of your diet. Researchers have found people on diets with higher levels of vitamins C and E, zinc, lutein, zeaxanthin, omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA are less likely to develop early and advanced AMD.
4. Wearing eye protection when necessary
A study in the United States found that 2.5 million eye injuries occur in their country ever year. To prevent eye injuries similar to that, make sure that if you are involved in physically demanding activities that may have some risk to your eyes that you wear necessary protection – if you are playing sports, make sure to wear eye shields or masks, and if you are cleaning, gardening or building make sure you are wearing flash-goggles or face shields.
5. Have a good understanding of your family eye history
As many different hereditary diseases are watched, eye diseases should be treated no differently. Many age-related diseases, including glaucoma, cataracts and age-related macular degeneration, can all be attributed to familial genes and if someone in your family has already contracted or dealt with these diseases it may be best to have regular check-ups in case the affliction occurs.
6. Remain vigilant to catch symptoms early
The best action for glaucoma and AMD, as well as other eye diseases, is to remain vigilant and make sure that you catch it in the development stages if it occurs. If left untreated, these diseases can cause serious damage to your eyes, even resulting in the loss of vision or blindness if left for too long.
7. Avoid eye fatigue
When working at a computer, it is crucial to avoid eye strain from the close work. The best rule to follow is the 20-20-20 rule: every twenty minutes of work should be broken up with looking at an object twenty feet away for around twenty seconds. This can alleviate the stress that close proximity or glare work has on yours eyes, and can make sure your eyes remain healthy for as long as possible.